50 Herbs And Their Twi Names And Uses


                                      50 Herbs And Their Twi Names And Uses

Interested in knowing herbs and their Twi names and uses in Ghana? You have come to the right place. In this article, we have compiled a list of all the herbs and their Twi names and uses in Ghana.

Ghana is one of the leading produces of herbs in Africa. The country is made up of several medicinal plants. According to some reports, Ghana has over 2,000 herbs herbs with their Twi or Akan names. Continue reading to learn all the herbs in Ghana and their Twi names.

What Is a Herb?

A Herb is a plant used for culinary, therapeutic or other uses. Herbs are not plants neither are they consumed for macronutrients or food. Herbs are different from vegetables and other consumable plants in a sense that herbs are used sorely for therapeutic purposes. [1]

Herbs are usually the leafy green or flowering parts of a plant. Spices, on the other hand, are dried and usually produced from other parts of the plant including roots, fruits and seeds.

Health Benefits of Herbs - Herbs and their Twi names and uses

Herbs help to prevent and manage heart disease, cancer and diabetes. They also help to reduce blood clot and provide anti-inflammatory and anti-tumour properties. Research has revealed that:

  • Garlic, linseed, fenugreek, and lemongrass may help in cholesterol reduction.
  • Antioxidants in herbs, particularly cloves, cinnamon, sage, oregano, and thyme, aid in the reduction of low-density lipoproteins (bad cholesterol)
  • Blood sugar and insulin activities can also be aided by fenugreek.
  • Herbs such as sage, oregano, leeks, mints, chives, onions also aid in cancer prevention .

Herbs and their Twi names in Ghana 

 1.African tuliptree – Kokonisuo

2. Gold coast bombax – AkonkodeE

3. Poison devils pepper – Kakapenpen

4. Paullinia pinnata – Tuantini

5. Alstonia boonei – Nyame dua

6. Siam weed – Acheampong

7. Morind lucida – Konkroma/ngo ne nkyene

8. Poaceae – Abirekyire abodwese

9. Deinbollia grandifolia – Asikoto

10. Pycnanthus angolensis – OteE

11. Pisonia aculeata – Akobowere

12. Scent leaf – Nunum

13. Justicia flava – Afema

14. Jute mallow – Ayoyo

15.Balm – Emee (emmanex herbs)

16. Punarnava – Aposumpo

17. Negro pepper – Hwentia

18. Indian-almond – Abrofo nkate

19. Wireweed – Obrane atu ata

20. Lantana Camara- Ananse dokono

21. Nettle – Honhon/Bonhon

22. Cloves – pepre or dadoa amba

23. Mistletoe – Nkranpan

24. Anise – Nkitinkiti

25. Purslane – Adwera

26. Wormweed – Ahahanhene

27. Griffonia – Kagya

28. Stinking weed – Nkodaankodaa brodeE

29. Anthocleista nobilis – Owudifuokete

30. Phyllanthaceae – Bowommaguwakyi

31. Abelmosk -Okra/ nkruma

bind me )

33. Butterfly pea annanse trumuhoma

34. India almond -abrofo nkatie

35. Nettle – bonhon or honhon

36. Basil – Akoko Mesa

37. African nutmeg – wedie abain

38. Guinea pepper – efon wisa

39. African locust beans – dawadawa

40. Fennel seed – Nkitinkiti

41. Mint leaves – nunum

42. Scotch bonnet pepper – kpakposhito

43. Alligator pepper – Efon wisa

44. Stinking fish – momone

45. Ginger – akekaduro

46. Black pepper – esoro wisa

47..purslane – adwera

48. Mucuna pruriens – aduapia

49. Amaranthus spinosus – Nkasenkase

50. Hyssop - adwera

There are some other herbs commonly used for culinary and therapeutic purposes which we could not get their names in Twi. If you know the names of any of the herbs below in Twi, do not hesitate to let us know in the comments section.

1. Ashawanga

2. Garlic

3. Orange pill

4. Rosemary spices

5. Thyme

6. Dill seeds

7. Tumeric 

8. Cedar

9. Ginger oil

10. Bay leaves

11. Sage plant

12. Curry leaves

13. Black pepper

14. Fenugreek seeds

15. Organo plants

16. Chia seeds 

Top Most Used Herbs

Below are some of the most used herbs in the kitchen:

1. Dill

2. Basil

3. Rosemary

4. Cilantro

5. Oregano

6. Mint

7. Sage

8. Thyme

9. Parsley

Why Do People Prefer Herbal Medicine?

  • One of the commonest reasons people prefer herbal medicine is the cost. Herbal Medicine costs lesser than the prescription drugs.
  • According to research, herbal medicines have fewer side effects. There are no severe side effects in consuming herbal medicine.
  • Another benefit of herbal medicine is that, it can be used for multiple purposes. For instance, Ginko herbs are good for circulatory disorder, but also help enhance memory.

Disadvantage of Herbal Medicine

There are, however, disadvantages to herbal treatments, such as lack of regulation and dosage instructions. In order to provide safest and most effective ways to use herbal medications, it is recommended that more doctors should be trained in the field of pharmacognosy.

What is Twi and why is it important?

Twi (also known as Akan kasa, or Akan-speak) is a dialect of the Akan language spoken in Ghana. It is the major language spoken by the people of Ghana after English. According to Wikipedia, over 80% of the Ghanaian population speak speaks Twi as their a second or first language.


The above are some of the herbs and their Twi names and uses as at the time of writing this article. There are other herbs we have not been able to mention in this post. If you wish to update us on any herb and their Twi names, you can leave your comment in the comments section.

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[1] Source

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